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  T. Lichtenhein - P. Morphy; 
NY 1857

Theodore Lichtenhein (2420) - Paul Morphy (2800)
1st American Chess Congress New York City, NY, 1857

1. e4 e52. Nf3 Nc63. d4!?
Today, we know this as the Scotch Opening. 

     [3.Bb5, is the Ruy Lopez, and is most common a the Master level. ]

3...exd44. Bc4 Nf65. e5 d5!
Black vigorously counter-attacks, rather than retreating.

6.Bb5 Ne4!
; {Diagram?} 
A nice outpost. 
(The Knight is not easily removed from this square.)

7. Nxd4 Bd78. Nxc6?!, (?) 
A bad loss of time.
(The Bishop on b5 is forced to retreat.)

     [8.Bxc6 bxc6; 9.0-0, "~" Black is probably OK here. ]

8...bxc6; (!)  9. Bd3 Bc5;
Almost an exclam. 
(Black aims at the weakest square in White's camp.)

10. Bxe4 Qh4!(Maybe - '!!')  
A nice in-between move. (Zwischenzug.)

11. Qe2 dxe412. Be3!?,
(At least a dubious, maybe even a - '?')
 Although this looks very natural, it is the wrong move here. 

 12...Bg4!!; (Maybe - '!!!')  
This had to be calculated VERY precisely.

(In some variations - in order to reach an evaluation that is beyond dispute - you sometimes had to calculate more than 15 moves ahead. I don't think Morphy did this, but instead relied on his intuition and his genius. We do know, from various reliable eye-witness reports, that Morphy could calculate 5-7 moves ahead very rapidly. We will never know exactly how far ahead Morphy did calculate, however.) 

13. Qc4 Bxe3
; (!) 
The point.

14. g3[]

This is pretty much forced. 

     [ 14.Qxc6+ Bd7; 15.Qxa8+ Ke7; 16.g3 Bxf2+; 17.Kxf2 e3+
Qb4+; 19.c3 Qxb2; 20.Qxh8
             (or 20.Qe4 Qc1+; 21.Ke2 Bb5+;  with a winning attack.)
20...Qf2+; 21.Kd1 Ba4+22. Kc1 Qc2#. ] 

Black attacks, even while retreating. (He now threatens Qd1#.) 

15. fxe3 Qd1+; 16. Kf2 Qf3+!
This is MUCH better than QxR/h1.

17. Kg1 Bh3!; ('!!') 18.Qxc6+ Kf8!;  
Black offers to give away BOTH Rooks. (The first with check.)

19. Qxa8+ Ke7White Resigns.
(White's Q is hanging, and Black threatens mate in one - three different ways!) 


(Code initially) Generated with ChessBase 8.0

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  (Page last updated: Friday; September 20th, 2002.  Last edit or save on: 07/20/2013 .)  

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