GOTM; January, 2015.    

Welcome to my  "Game of The Month"  feature!  (Game # 54, for January, 2015.)   (A list of all the main games on this website.)   

This is a game, that is annotated - by me - for your enjoyment. Hopefully it is done in a way that is both entertaining and also informative, there are certainly lots of diagrams - and a link to a re-play page as well. The main purpose {and thrust} of this column is to try and educate the general chess public. 

I have deeply annotated this game on my hard drive, you are welcome to contact me if you would like to try and obtain a copy. (Because of copyright violations, I ONLY offer a printed version! I simply cannot afford to "give away" the electronic version any longer ...)

This is a feature where I will try to pick a game that was recently played at the GM level. Then I will annotate it and try to basically explain what happened. ---> While I would not mind if an expert (or even a master!) enjoyed my work here, this column is aimed primarily at lower-rated players.  
(Say 1600 & below.)
 The main idea is to help lower-rated players learn the game!!! 

I hope that you enjoy this game ... feedback is both encouraged and welcome. (Please respect my copyright.) 
(This means do NOT!!! copy any of my work ... and post it on another website ... unless you get my WRITTEN permission, first.) 


    Click  HERE    to see an explanation of the symbols I commonly use - when annotating a chess game.     

    Click  HERE    to go to another server ... where you can search for this game in a "re-playable" format. (This is NOT my site! Do NOT write me about the content!!!)  

    Click  HERE    to go to my channel on the "You-Tube" network/server.  (Click  HERE  to watch my "You-Tube" video on this game.)  

   (Click  HERE  to see the ChessBase story on this round.)    Click  HERE  to see a "star-dot-pdf" file of my analysis.        

 The Players

  GM Magnus Carlsen  

  GM Levon Aronian  


  Carlsen's page on the CG website.  

  Carlsen's FIDE profile page.  

    Aronian's page on the CG website.  

Aronian's FIDE profile page.  



This game was the most important game of the tournament and this is why I chose this game for annotation. 
Some good reasons to do this game were:   

  1. It WAS a very interesting game and a very complicated one as well. (The tactics were outstanding and would make a good addition to my school on tactics.)

  2. I am not sure if I have ever done a game in the Ragozin System vs. White's QP-opening.  

  3. I felt that the job done by many on-line annotators left me with more questions than answers. I knew that if there were other chess-players out there who felt as I did, that - by annotating this chess game - I could fill a real need and answer a lot of questions as well. In particular, many things were missed and/or overlooked in the latter half of the game. 

  4. I had not done a game since January of last year, so this would definitely be a nice way to start my coverage for 2015.  

Note that the diagrams are fairly large, if you save them to your computer, you will be able to see and study the positions better.  
(The size that is used here is less than 2/3 the actual size of the "*.jpg" images.)  

  GM Magnus Carlsen (2861) - GM Levon Aronian (2797)     
77th Tata Steel, GpA (R#5.6)  
Wijk aan Zee, NED; Jan. 15th, 2015.  

gotm_jan-2015_medal.png, 07 KB

  [A.J. Goldsby I]  


This will be my "Game of The Month" for January, 2015. 

Many thought that this was the game of the tournament ... 
Carlsen outplays Aronian, who was formerly the #2 player in the whole world. 

     1.d4 Nf62.c4 e63.Nf3 d54.Nc3 Bb4!?5.cxd5,  (1st avoidance)   

Carlsen ducks the sharpest lines ... probably he was thinking his opponent might have had a TN tucked up his sleeve somewhere. (If he was not afraid of a novelty, maybe he had not reviewed this line recently, and was unsure of the correct continuation? While I admit that this does not seem likely, avoiding the line that has proven to give White a fairly substantial edge does not seem like good chess. Of course lately - Carlsen seems content to play quiet systems and rely on his supernatural endgame ability to bring home the full point, especially when he faces players over 2650.)  


gotm_jan-2015_pos1.jpg, 67 KB

   rnbqk2r/ppp2ppp/4pn2/3P4/1b1P4/2N2N2/PP2PPPP/R1BQKB1R b KQkq - 0 5   


This is the current position, to hold equality, Black should recapture with his KP here. 


                         [ The main line, (and the sharpest continuation - and also the   
                            one that seems to give White the most wins); is reached    
                            after:  (>/=) RR 5.Bg5! dxc46.e4 c57.Bxc4 cxd4;      
                            8.Nxd4 Bxc3+9.bxc3 Qa510.Bb5+, etc.   
                            (Many incisive games have been played in this line.) {more} {more}     

                             A famous clash is: 
                             GM Jeroen Piket (2630) - GM Veselin Topalov (2745);   
                             FIDE-Wch k.o. / Groningen, NED;  (R#2.2) / 1997.  
                             {White won a brilliant game ... in under 30 total moves.} ]   


     5...exd5;  (Hold the center.)  

This move is virtually forced, according to all the books ... (and maybe one DVD) ... 
that I have, the alternative yields a clear advantage to White.   


                         [ Slightly inferior would be the following continuation:   
                           </=  5...Nxd5!?6.Qc2 0-07.e4 Nxc38.bxc3, "+/="   
                            when White is just solidly better - all of those Pawns 
                            in the center means a good position for White. ]   


     6.Bg5 h6;  (Decision time.)   

By transposition, we reach a very old line ... which seems to have become popular again in recent years. 
(The Ragozin System.) {more} 


[ It seems (to me) that masters, in a constant search to find something new ...  
  (or at the very least, something different) ... continuously visit these older systems. 
   Of course, a good chess engine might find some improvement - in just about any 
   opening line. ]   


gotm_jan-2015_pos1.jpg, 66 KB

   rnbqk2r/ppp2pp1/5n1p/3p2B1/1b1P4/2N2N2/PP2PPPP/R2QKB1R w KQkq - 0 7   


[ For more info on this old {and complicated!} opening, see MCO-15, page # 426; columns # 73-78, & all notes. ] 


                         [ 6...P-KR3; is not the only move here, playing the Black Knight 
                            to d7 (Black's Q2-square) is a fully playable alternative: 

                            RR 6...Nbd77.e3 c58.Bd3 Qa59.Qc2 c410.Bf5 0-011.0-0 Re8; '~'  
                            (Unclear - possibly equal?) when the engines indicate that Black is doing fine.  

                            GM V. Kramnik - GM V. Grischuk; ICT / Melody Amber (rapid) / Monaco, 2010. (1-0)   
                            {Kramnik won in under 60 total moves, but my analysis shows that there are several   
                            improvements that Black could play.} ]   


For the next series of moves, both sides continue to develop, in adherence with the four basic principles of the opening
(The engines like Qb3 or e3 - for White - on move eight. However, I should point out that the move that Carlsen played   
 has a very high PR in the most recent PB.) 

     7.Bxf6 Qxf68.Qa4+!? Nc6[]9.e3 0-010.Be2 Be611.0-0 a612.Rfc1 Bd6;   

The consensus of several good chess engines is that Black is holding his own here ...   
if White has any advantage at all, it is a very small one, indeed!   


gotm_jan-2015_pos3.jpg, 63 KB

   r4rk1/1pp2pp1/p1nbbq1p/3p4/Q2P4/2N1PN2/PP2BPPP/R1R3K1 w - - 0 13   


The only problem that Black has is that ... in the long term ... his Knight on c6 is not on its very best square here.   



Now White decides that his Q is not on its best spot ... and returns it to the center. (DF-14 likes 15.h3.) 

     13.Qd1 Ne714.a3 Rfd815.b4 Nc816.Na4 b6;  "="   

With moves like b4 and Na4, White restrains any attempt by the second party to liberate his position with ...c7-c5.   


gotm_jan-2015_pos4.jpg, 63 KB

   r1nr2k1/2p2pp1/pp1bbq1p/3p4/NP1P4/P3PN2/4BPPP/R1RQ2K1 w - - 0 17   


All the engines agree that the current position is pretty much equal, although I think it is easier to play White's side of the chess-board. 



Now Carlsen goes for an absolute lock on e5 ... ... ... (DF-14 likes h3 or Bd3 for White on move seventeen.);  
it isn't the top choice of most of the engines, but its an easy plan for White, and Black is the one who has to be careful here.  

     17.Nb2 Ne718.Nd3 Ng619.a4!? a5!20.b5 Re8;  "="   

Once more ... a rather sterile equality has been reached.   


gotm_jan-2015_pos5.jpg, 63 KB

   r3r1k1/2p2pp1/1p1bbqnp/pP1p4/P2P4/3NPN2/4BPPP/R1RQ2K1 w - - 0 21   


Carlsen has an easy position to play, however, and he does not have a weak (backward) Pawn, as Black does here. 
(I toyed with the following plan for Black, although I did not do a thorough analysis with any of the engines: 
Play the BR from e8-e7, run the Black King to b7, and then try an all-out Pawn storm on the King-side.) 


(On move 23, Black might should have played 23...Nf8; or even 23...Qe6; or ...Qh4. And 25...Ne6; also looked   
 a little better than what was played in the actual game.)   

     21.Rc3 Bf522.Rac1 Rad823.Nd2 Rd7!?24.g3!? Nf825.Bg4! Nh7!?26.Bxf5 Qxf5;  "~"  (unclear)   


gotm_jan-2015_pos6.jpg, 61 KB

   4r1k1/2pr1ppn/1p1b3p/pP1p1q2/P2P4/2RNP1P1/3N1P1P/2RQ2K1 w - - 0 27   


The position is no longer dead equal, Black has to work hard to keep his game together. 
(Most of the better engines award a tiny plus here - for White. However, it is a long way from being anything substantial.) 


     27.Qf3 Qg528.h4!? Qe729.Rc6 Nf6;  (Eyeing e4.)   

Black seems to be holding his own here ...   


gotm_jan-2015_pos7.jpg, 61 KB

   4r1k1/2prqpp1/1pRb1n1p/pP1p4/P2P3P/3NPQP1/3N1P2/2R3K1 w - - 0 30   


However, when looking at this position, (WITHOUT an engine!); I could not find an easy line of play for Black,   
in some lines, (if the 2nd player is not careful); he can quickly lose his QP.  




(Now the engines like moves that prevent long-term play for Black, i.e., R/1-c2, etc.) 

     30.Nf4!?,   (Not bad ...)   

Carlsen plays a "safe, but solid" move, as is his normal mode in such positions lately. (A similarity to Capablanca?)  


gotm_jan-2015_pos8.jpg, 61 KB

   4r1k1/2prqpp1/1pRb1n1p/pP1p4/P2P1N1P/4PQP1/3N1P2/2R3K1 b - - 0 30   


For one thing, White can (now) play Nb1 and then Nc3, and put more pressure on Black's QP, it is up to Aronian to prove that he can hold this position - (or not).    


                         [ The best of the metal monsters seem to prefer 
                            the play of:  >/=  30.Kg2!"+/=" (w/an edge)   
                            - Houdini & Deep Fritz 14. ]  




I do not know if time pressure was a factor at this stage of the game, or if Aronian simply faltered 
 under the continuous pressure that his opponent had been placing on him.  

     30...g6?;  (A blunder?)   

Black self-destructs ... it seems no one can "hang" with the young World Champion in these kind of positions.   


There are many reasons why 30...g6?; is bad, probably the two most important would have to be: 
#1.) Black greatly loosens his position, and especially {greatly} undermines the safety of his own King. 
#2.) Black drops the d-Pawn with almost no real "comp" that I can see.   


                         [ It seems that all Black had to play here was: 
                            >/=  30...Ba3!31.R1c2 Bb4!;  "="  
                            (31...Bb4!;  helps prevent Nb1 & Nc3 by White.)   
                             when Black could then double his Rooks behind   
                             the d-Pawn, if need be. 

                              [ White might have a tiny edge, but DAYS of analysis (with various engines) 
                                 failed to turn up any real way making anything out of this particular position. ] ]   



Notice that (against Carlsen) if you open the door, he rarely fails to walk through it and capitalize on the opportunity given to him. 
(Yet another similarity to Capa? Note that many people called the Cuban a lucky player, especially in his early days.)  

     31.h5! Kg7[]  ("Box.")   

It would seem that this play was forced for Black. 
 (Black had no really decent alternative move.)  


gotm_jan-2015_pos9.jpg, 61 KB

   4r3/2prqpk1/1pRb1npp/pP1p3P/P2P1N2/4PQP1/3N1P2/2R3K1 w - - 0 32   


Now White racks up the win in impressive fashion.  


                         [ Even worse would have been:  </=  
31...g5!?; (Maybe - '?!' or '?') 32.Nxd5 Nxd5[]33.Qxd5 Bxg3;    
                            All the engines seem to indicate that this was Black's only decent try.   

                                           ( Black loses horribly after:    
                                             </= 33...Ba3?!34.Qf5! Bxc1?35.Rxh6!, "+/-" winning.    
                                              (This is a cute tactical motif, which is repeated in   
                                                several different lines.) )     

                           34.Qf5 Bd6(Only play?)   
                           To me, this looks like the only way to continue, the alternative is to be a piece down ... 
                           against Carlsen.   

                                          (RR 34...Bxf2+!?; 35.Qxf2 Qxe336.Qxe3 Rxe3; 37.Nc4!, +-)   

                           35.Nc4 Ba3!?; (Best?)   
                           Again, everything else looks completely hopeless to me, if White is allowed to chop   
                           on d6, Black's game quickly falls apart!   

                                          (The endgame - that is eventually reached - after the following continuation:    
                                           </= 35...Rb8!?36.Ne5 Rdd8!?37.Ng4 Qe638.e4,  +-   
                                            is completely hopeless here for Black.   

                                         *** *** *** *** *** ***   *** *** *** *** *** ***   *** *** *** *** *** ***   

                                            A lost ending is reached after the continuation of: 
                                            RR 35...Kg7!?; 36.Nxd6 Rxd6
                                            (Instead - taking with the Pawn, quickly drops the other button on b6.) 
                                              37.Rxc7 Qf638.Qxf6+ Kxf639.R1c6,  +-  winning for White.)   

                           The following sharp move, (the Rook capture on h6); is thematic for how White wins 
                            in this particular game. 

                            Now - after RxP/h6! - White threatens Qh7+ and then Qh8 mate, so Black's reply is 100% forced. 
36.Rxh6! f6[]37.Qg6+ Qg7[](Forced!) 
                            The alternative was for Black to get mated.   

                                           (</= 37...Kf8?; 38.Rh8#.)    

                            38.Qxe8+ Bf8; 39.Rg6, '+-'  (White is winning here.)  
                            Black has lost his Queen and would not continue from here.




Obviously, Aronian was counting on a discovery on the WQ, (when his DSB on d6 moves); to win back the Pawn and get back    
 into the game. (Only Aronian can say - for sure - what is was that he missed or what he must have under-estimated.)   

     32.hxg6 fxg633.Nxd5 Nxd5 34.Qxd5 Bxg3[];   (Forced.)    

And here, Black had no choice at all.   


                         [ Of course not:  </= 34...Ba3?; 35.Qxd7! Qxd7; 36.Rxc7, '+-'  & White is winning. (easily)  
                           (Nearly +7.0, according to all of the engines.) ]   


     35.Qg2!,   (Correct!)   

Another thing that is impressive, at least to me, is that Carlsen rarely falters in difficult positions.    
(Another similarity to Capa?)   


gotm_jan-2015_pos10.jpg, 55 KB

   4r3/2prq1k1/1pR3pp/pP6/P2P4/4P1b1/3N1PQ1/2R3K1 b - - 0 35   


I'm thinking that this was the move that Aronian (perhaps in time pressure!?) might have missed. 
(The g6-square will be an eventual target for White.)   


                         [ RR 35.Qf3!? Bd636.Qg4, "+/=" ]   


     35...Bd636.Nc4,  {Diagram, below.}   

Take a look here ...   


gotm_jan-2015_pos11.jpg, 56 KB

   4r3/2prq1k1/1pRb2pp/pP6/P1NP4/4P3/5PQ1/2R3K1 b - - 0 36   


White is clearly MUCH better ... but is this position really a forced win for GM M. Carlsen?   



     36...Rf8?!,  (Maybe - '?')     

And yet another miscue.   


gotm_jan-2015_pos12.jpg, 55 KB

   5r2/2prq1k1/1pRb2pp/pP6/P1NP4/4P3/5PQ1/2R3K1 w - - 0 37   


Did Aronian have a chance for a type of endgame that has proven extremely difficult for human players to win?    


                         [ Black had to play: >/= 36...Qd8[]("Box.")   
                           This looks forced to me ... and ALL the engines seem to agree on  
                            this point, the only move for Black was to play the BQ to d8. 

                            37.f4!? Qf6; 38.Qh3 Rde739.Rc3, ''   ('+/')   
                             ... and White is clearly much better, but where is the forced win?


     37.Ne5!,  (Outpost.)  

The WN is an absolute monster on the critical e5-square ...    


gotm_jan-2015_pos13.jpg, 55 KB

   5r2/2prq1k1/1pRb2pp/pP2N3/P2P4/4P3/5PQ1/2R3K1 b - - 0 37   


... & the only way to get rid of it is to swap of the Black Bishop on d6. 
(Exchanging off the DSB leaves Black hard-pressed to defend his backward c-Pawn.)    


                         [ After the following var:  (</=) RR 37.Nxd6?! cxd6!38.Rxb6 Qf7!
39.Rbc6, Prolly best.   

                                           (</= 39.Rcc6? Qb3!; 40.Kh2 Qd1, '~' (unclear)  

                            39...Qb3; 40.Rc7 Rdf741.Qg3 Qxa4; 42.b6, ''  ('+/')   
                            the engine still shows that White is
(probably) still winning, but the 
                            complications are enormous and Black's counterplay was NOT to be   


     37...Bxe5!?;  (Urgh.)    

With this move, Aronian basically abandons any real hope of defense and looks to wild counterplay to hold the game. 
[ Aronian had to sacrifice the Exchange. ... it was the ONLY chance for Black to put up any meaningful resistance! 
  (White should still win, in the long run - with correct play. However, according to my research, it takes extremely   
    precise play for the first player to bring home the full point.)   
  BTW, all the engines give the exchange sack as Black's best line of defense. ]    


gotm_jan-2015_pos14.jpg, 54 KB

   5r2/2prq1k1/1pR3pp/pP2b3/P2P4/4P3/5PQ1/2R3K1 w - - 0 38   


It is time to take a long, hard look at the current situation in this game. (See the diagram, just above.)  


                         [ The ONLY chance was:  
                            >/=  37...g5!!38.Nxd7 Qxd739.R1c3, ''  {Analysis diagram.}   

gotm_jan-2015_analysis-position01.jpg, 49 KB

   5r2/2pq2k1/1pRb3p/pP4p1/P2P4/2R1P3/5PQ1/6K1 b - - 0 39   

                             Black's DSB - anchored on the d6 square - is a powerful defensive unit.  
                             (The game remains very complicated, and there are many places where 
                               the first player could go astray.) ]   




Now Black's King is left to fend for itself, not surprisingly, Aronian is unable to hold his side of the game. 
(The next few moves look to be forced/best ... 
for both parties, here.)  

     38.Qxg6+ Kh839.Qxh6+ Kg8 40.dxe5 Qxe541.Rg6+ Kf7;  (Technically - an error.)   

Now the naked BK goes for a walk ... 
on an open field where 2 Rooks AND the WQ can all take shots at him ... ... ...   


gotm_jan-2015_pos15.jpg, 51 KB

  5r2/2pr1k2/1p4RQ/pP2q3/P7/4P3/5P2/2R3K1 w - - 0 42   


This move is a mistake ... according to the chess engines ... 
but I suspect that Aronian played this way (on purpose) because the alternative was just clearly losing.   
(In a fairly simple endgame.)    


                        [ Black apparently had to play the following line:    
                           >/= 41...Rg7[]("Box.")  
42.Rxg7+ Qxg7+43.Qxg7+ Kxg744.Rxc7+ Kh8[]; (Forced.)  
                           To step up to the second rank is to invite Rc6+.   
                           Black will have to swap off the Rooks ... or lose another button.  

                           45.Kg2, '+-'  (White is winning.)   
                           When White, with two, healthy extra Pawns and the Black King    
                           nailed to first row - has an easy win in this endgame.   

                           I tend to think that Aronian saw all of this - but simply chose to 
                           avoid this line, as White has two healthy extra Pawns ...    
                           and Black has no chance for any active play.


Now Black may have thought that White was unable to move his R@c1, due to the threats of ...Rd1+; and then ...Qe4+.   

     42.Rc4!,  (Nice.)   

Once more, in a complicated position, (where others might falter); Carlsen finds the way to win with accurate tactics.   


gotm_jan-2015_pos16.jpg, 51 KB

   5r2/2pr1k2/1p4RQ/pP2q3/P1R5/4P3/5P2/6K1 b - - 0 42   


White's Rook luft threatens Rf4+ winning, and ... (as the analysis will show); 
Aronian has no adequate defense to Carlsen's threats.   


                        [ After the following continuation:  RR 42.Rg5 Qf643.Qh7+, etc. ('+-' or '+/' ?)    
                          White is winning, but it is MUCH weaker than the way that Carlsen played    
                           in the actual game. ]   



"Bonzai!" (Might as well.)   

gotm_jan-2015_pos17.jpg, 51 KB

   5r2/2pr1k2/1p4RQ/pP6/P1R5/4P3/5P2/q5K1 w - - 0 43   


I think Aronian knew he was busted here, but chose the only variation that might give his opponent any chance to commit an error.   
(The only thing I don't know is exactly how much time both players had on their chess clocks at this point.)   


                         [ The engines show that Black's best defense was:  
RR  42...Ke7[]43.Rg7+ Rf744.Rxf7+ Kxf745.Rf4+ Qxf4[];  
                            According to all of the better chess engines, this is forced for Black. 

                                           (Black loses badly after the following line:    
RR  45...Ke7!?46.Qf8+ Ke647.Qg8+ Kd6;  48.Qg6+ Ke7!?;    
                                              Resignation was really the only alternative here.                  
                                              (Again, as in the main line here, Black can lose 
{or give up}    
                                               his Queen for a Rook, but it makes no difference in the outcome.)    
                                               49.Rf7+ Kd850.Rf8+ Ke751.Re8#,  Mate.

                            46.Qxf4+,  "+/-"   
                            and White should win ... although Black can struggle on for quite a few more moves.    
                            (As long as White has even the smallest amount of good technique, he will win ...    
                             without any real problems.)


The following moves are all forced (for Black) ... and probably best for White.   

     43.Kg2 Rh844.Rf4+ Ke8 45.Re6+ Re746.Rxe7+ Kxe7 47.Re4+,  "+/-"  Black Resigns.    

Aronian throws in the towel here, there is no point in playing any longer. {See the final diagram - just below.}  


gotm_jan-2015_fin-pos.jpg, 75 KB

   7r/2p1k3/1p5Q/pP6/P3R3/4P3/5PK1/q7 b - - 0 47   



Some things of note - about this game - are: 
#1.) Carlsen did not always play the best/engine move. (This should forever silence the little group    
        on the 'net who claim that Carlsen is using a chess engine while the game is being played.)   
#2.) Carlsen always had some pressure on Black's position. 
#3.) Carlsen's game was ... for the most part, anyway ... free of any major defects. 
#4.) Whenever an opponent gives him a chance, Carlsen responds with play of nearly machine-like accuracy.   

My version of this game differs from the CB version mainly in the fact that I wanted to explain the latter half of the game in greater detail, as I try to cater to the players who are mostly below 1600 on the FIDE/USCF rating scale. (I also think that most of the on-line commentators did a poor job, in this regard.)   


                         [ After the following moves:   
                           47.Re4+ Kd8[];  (Forced.)   

                                          (</=  47...Kf7?; 48.Qe6+ Kg7;           
                                                   49.Qe7+ Kg6; 
50.Rg4+ Kf5;   

                           48.Rd4+ Qxd4[]; 49.Qg5+ Kc8; 50.exd4,  '+-'   
                            it is an easy win for White. ]    



     Copyright (c) A.J. Goldsby, 2015. All rights reserved.     


   1 - 0   

       Games, for further study       

  1. I already mentioned the gameGM Piket - GM Topalov; Groningen, 1997. (Related games - in the same variation - are next.) 

  2. GM G. Kasparov - GM J. Hjartarson; Tilburg, NED / 1989. {A brilliant smash by Garry Kasparov, one of the best chess-players ever!}  

  3. GM Peter Leko - GM A. Naiditsch; ICT/Super-GM / Dortmund, GER; 2010. {A very high-level game by Leko!!}    

  The analysis for this page was prepared with the excellent programChessBase 10.0. (My main engines are Fritz 13, Deep Fritz 14, and I also use Houdini 3.0.)  

  The HTML was polished with several different tools and programs, (mostly FP)  ...  the text was checked for spelling with MS Word.  

  Please note!:  Due to the fact that I upgraded to <<Windows 7>> ... I no longer have the use of the program, "Chess Captor."  

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  This page was first posted on/in:  January, 2015.     Final format completed on: Friday; March 13th, 2015.    This page was last updated on 04/01/15 .  

    COPYRIGHT (c) A.J. Goldsby I;    

    Copyright () A.J. Goldsby; 1985 - 2014, & 2015.  All rights reserved.    

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